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Unintended consequences of the energy transition must be considered
Outlook 2022
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Outlook 2022: The energy transition – the pendulum swings, with unintended consequences

Change can bring volatility. And there is significant change ahead

It has long been true that economic growth and energy demand are linked. In 2020, we saw the pendulum swing one way—global GDP down by almost 5pc, and oil demand down by 9pc in the year, as economic output and mobility was constrained. This also led to a 5.8pc decline in global emissions, according to the IEA, the largest decline since the Second World War. It is clear the pendulum has swung back the other way this year—with Covid-19 restrictions easing, mobility and economic activity increased. The result is higher GDP but also higher demand for fossil fuels. This has and will result in higher emissions globally, with much of the ‘progress’ last year being undone. Despite renewable capaci

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